2 Chronicles 3:1 Then Solomon began to build the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where the Lord had appeared to his father David. It was on the threshing floor of Araunah[a] the Jebusite, the place provided by David. 2 He began building on the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign.
3 The foundation Solomon laid for building the temple of God was sixty cubits long and twenty cubits wide(b) (using the cubit of the old standard). 4 The portico at the front of the temple was twenty cubits[c] long across the width of the building and twenty[d] cubits high.
He overlaid the inside with pure gold. 5 He paneled the main hall with juniper and covered it with fine gold and decorated it with palm tree and chain designs. 6 He adorned the temple with precious stones. And the gold he used was gold of Parvaim. 7 He overlaid the ceiling beams, doorframes, walls and doors of the temple with gold, and he carved cherubim on the walls.
8 He built the Most Holy Place, its length corresponding to the width of the temple—twenty cubits long and twenty cubits wide. He overlaid the inside with six hundred talents[e] of fine gold. 9 The gold nails weighed fifty shekels.[f] He also overlaid the upper parts with gold.
10 For the Most Holy Place he made a pair of sculptured cherubim and overlaid them with gold. 11 The total wingspan of the cherubim was twenty cubits. One wing of the first cherub was five cubits[g] long and touched the temple wall, while its other wing, also five cubits long, touched the wing of the other cherub.12 Similarly one wing of the second cherub was five cubits long and touched the other temple wall, and its other wing, also five cubits long, touched the wing of the first cherub. 13 The wings of these cherubim extended twenty cubits. They stood on their feet, facing the main hall.[h]
14 He made the curtain of blue, purple and crimson yarn and fine linen, with cherubim worked into it.
15 For the front of the temple he made two pillars, which together were thirty-five cubits[i] long, each with a capital five cubits high. 16 He made interwoven chains[j]and put them on top of the pillars. He also made a hundred pomegranates and attached them to the chains. 17 He erected the pillars in the front of the temple, one to the south and one to the north. The one to the south he named Jakin[k] and the one to the north Boaz.[l]
a. 2 Chronicles 3:1 Hebrew Ornan, a variant of Araunah
b. 2 Chronicles 3:3 That is, about 90 feet long and 30 feet wide or about 27 meters long and 9 meters wide
c. 2 Chronicles 3:4 That is, about 30 feet or about 9 meters; also in verses 8, 11 and 13
d. 2 Chronicles 3:4 Some Septuagint and Syriac manuscripts; Hebrew and a hundred and twenty
e. 2 Chronicles 3:8 That is, about 23 tons or about 21 metric tons
f. 2 Chronicles 3:9 That is, about 1 1/4 pounds or about 575 grams
g. 2 Chronicles 3:11 That is, about 7 1/2 feet or about 2.3 meters; also in verse 15
h. 2 Chronicles 3:13 Or facing inward
i. 2 Chronicles 3:15 That is, about 53 feet or about 16 meters
J. 2 Chronicles 3:16 Or possibly made chains in the inner sanctuary; the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
k. 2 Chronicles 3:17 Jakin probably means he establishes.
l. 2 Chronicles 3:17 Boaz probably means in him is strength.
This is from the easy English site.
Solomon began to build the temple in the 4th year of his rule. This was in the spring of 966 BC. He built the temple on the mountain called Moriah. Moriah was a hill in the area called Zion. They used Zion as another name for Jerusalem.
Moriah was in the region where God had asked Abraham to sacrifice Isaac (Genesis 22:2). Abraham was willing to do what God asked him to do. But God did not let him kill Isaac. It was a test to see how much Abraham trusted the LORD. This was about 1000 years before the time when Solomon was alive.
The yard where Araunah used to prepare his grain was on Moriah. The LORD met with David there (2 Samuel 24:16). Then David bought that place from Araunah and he built an altar to God there. David said that the temple of the LORD would be there (1 Chronicles 21:18–22:1). David had prepared the area but the LORD would not allow him to build the temple.
The base for the temple was 60 cubits long and 20 cubits wide. The old cubit was about three inches (about 7.5 centimetres) shorter than the usual cubit. The usual cubit was about 21 inches (53 centimetres). The old cubit was slightly less than 18 inches (46 centimetres). So, the base was about 90 feet (27 metres) long and 30 feet (9 metres) wide. The direction of the length was east to west. The width was north to south.
The writer had to say that the measurement was in old cubits. His first readers had come back from Babylon. They were familiar with the measurement that people in Babylon used for the cubit. This became the usual cubit and it was about 3 inches (7.5 centimetres) longer than the old cubit.
So the Temple is located where David met with God. I read about that... David got a big head and ordered a census of all the men in his kingdom. Even I knew David shouldn't take a census. Back then... if they took a census, they were going to war, and David wasn't going to war. So God told David he had a choice of three consequences. He chose the only one that could affect him. Poverty and hunger weren't going to get to his part of town... so he chose a plague. Then he learned that the only way to stop the plague was to do a sacrifice on that threshing room floor. David had to buy the whole place so he could take ownership of the sacrifice. The plague was stopped.
The Temple is located near the spot where Abraham went to sacrifice Isaac. Abraham didn't want to offer up his son but he was willing to do it for God. Once God saw how willing Abraham was to do as he was told... God provided a lamb to sacrifice instead.
This place was built roughly 1000 years before Jesus walked the earth.... and yet it was there for Jesus to walk through.
How many buildings can you point out that have lasted 1000 years?