Aesthetic Characteristics of the Ideal Female Breast


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The female breast is a subject of significant focus within plastic surgery. Little work to date has examined public perceptions of attractiveness with respect to breast anatomy and morphology. This study provides a comprehensive assessment of anatomic and aesthetic breast characteristics valued by the general population.


A single-institution retrospective review was conducted of patients presenting for aesthetic or reconstructive breast surgery between 2009 and 2019. A cohort of 25 patients were included in a nationwide survey designed to assess subjective impressions of overall “breast attractiveness.” Survey responses were assessed, and the five patients with the highest mean scores were identified. An in-depth analysis of this subgroup was performed, evaluating anatomic metrics on both two-dimensional photographs and three-dimensional imaging. Statistical analysis examined correlations between objective breast characteristics and subjective perceptions of “attractiveness.”


There were 1021 survey responses. Across the entire patient cohort, the mean age was 47.4 years and mean BMI was 24.9 kg/m2. On a five-point Likert scale, the mean “breast attractiveness” score for the highest-scoring subgroup patients (n = 5) was 3.1 ± 0.1. Within this group, all patients had minimal ptosis and a projected contour. Average breast size was moderate, with mean volume of 299.4 ± 115.8 cm3.


This study reverse engineers the aesthetically appealing female breast, beginning with overall impressions of attractiveness and subsequently analyzing the influence of objective anatomic parameters on subjective perceptions. In surveying a large and diverse population, moderately sized, projected breasts with upper pole fullness were found to be associated with increased “attractiveness” scores.



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What makes an ‘ideal’ breast? Men and women get the secret off their chests

Well, this is uplifting.

A study published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery — Global Open determined the characteristics of the “ideal” pair of breasts.

Researchers from New York University found moderately sized breasts with greater volume in the top half earned top scores compared to other breasts. Size and symmetry were not crucial factors, according to the survey.

The scientists gathered images of breasts of 25 women who sought aesthetic or reconstructive breast surgery between 2009 and 2019. The women were 47 on average.

A survey group of 1,021 participants (52% were women) were presented two-dimensional photographs and three-dimensional imaging of the breast samples and asked to assess overall “breast attractiveness.”